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Potaissa Roman Castrum

Potaissa Roman Castrum

Potaissa Roman Castrum
mai 03
08:41 2015

The most important historical and archeological monument from the city of Turda is the Potaissa Roman camp of the Macedonian 5th Legion, from the plateau named Dealul Cetatii. The camp was built by this legion in 168.

castru roman

Potaissa was the biggest legion camp of long term operation in Dacia. The huge rectangle that it describes covers a surface of 23.4 hectares and housed 5000 militaries. The walls had 1.7-2 m width and were built from mortar and stone. In front of the walls there is a wide moat of 12 metres wide and 3 meters deep. There were 2 streets intersecting in a cross (Via Praetoria, Via Principalis) and 4 gates (Praetoria Gate, Decumana Gate, Principalis Dextra Gate, Principalis Sinistra Gate). The most important building of the camp (Principia) was the one of the command (almost 1 hectare).

Among the consolidation-conservation works carried out by the Turda Museum of History and “Babes-Bolyai” University from Cluj-Napoca, important landmarks such as: the Northwest Tower, a defense wall-tower, the “decumana” gate and the “Principia” building, are now accessible points.

The camp can be reached by car on 2 accessible roads: a road passing by the “Mihai Viteazu” National College and another one from DN1, on Romana street.

castrul roman potaissa

castrul roman potaissa

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